NEW DATE: Environmental Law Enforcement Workshop
Wednesday, September 13, 2017
Cuyahoga County Solid Waste District
4750 East 131st Street, Garfield Heights, OH 44105
Please join the Cleveland-Cuyahoga County Environmental Crimes Task Force and Keep Ohio Beautiful for an Environmental Law Enforcement Workshop on Wednesday, September 13, 2017 at the offices of the Cuyahoga County Solid Waste District from 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.
The workshop will provide local law enforcement, prosecutors and judges with important information regarding Ohio’s environmental laws, the types of crimes being committed here in northeast Ohio and the financial, social and environmental cost to our community. In addition, the workshop will feature mock investigations based on actual cases and tips for law enforcement when confronted by crime scenes involving scrap metal theft, open dumping and tire dumping.
Who Should Attend: police officers, detectives, sheriff deputies, prosecutors, judges
Cost: $0.00 includes lunch and Environmental Investigations Resource Guide
Continuing Education: 5 continuing legal education credits. Certificates for law enforcement
Addressing Community Impacts of Blighted Properties
National Literature Review, “Charting the Multiple Meanings of Blight,”
is First Phase of New Long-term Initiative
to Study, Measure and Combat Blight in Communities
Keep America Beautiful, the leading national nonprofit that envisions a country where every community is a clean, green and beautiful place to live, today announced the release of “Charting the Multiple Meanings of Blight: A National Literature Review on Addressing the Community Impacts of Blighted Properties.” The report provides a contemporary snapshot of how researchers, experts and practitioners describe and understand the complex conditions that create blight and the many policy responses that communities are taking.
- “Charting the Multiple Meanings of Blight” – Executive Summary
- “Charting the Multiple Meanings of Blight” – Final Report
- For more information please contact Keep America Beautiful or Keep Ohio Beautiful
Prepared by researchers through the Vacant Properties Research Network (VPRN), a project of the Metropolitan Institute at Virginia Tech, in collaboration with Econsult Solutions Inc., a Philadelphia-based consulting firm, the national report examines more than 300 academic articles as well as special policy and practitioner reports devoted to the concept of blight.
“The term ‘blight’ continues to evolve as communities confront different types of blighted properties from littered and vacant lots to foreclosed and abandoned homes,” said Jennifer Jehn, president and CEO, Keep America Beautiful. “This research will contribute significantly to the understanding of blight, a critical environmental, economic and social issue Keep America Beautiful and our affiliates are strongly positioned to help address in urban, suburban and rural communities nationwide.
“The report will have an even broader impact because it will help us shape the development of measurement tools that will let us better assess and then prepare strategies to combat blight in all its forms at the community level,” concluded Jehn.
The primary authors outlined: 1) what recent articles and reports say about blight; 2) how policymakers and community-based organizations can leverage the report’s findings; and 3) how Keep America Beautiful and its network of community-based affiliates can build on this report to develop a blight cost calculator for community groups and local governments. The report concludes with 10 overarching recommendations for policymakers, future research, and potential actions by Keep America Beautiful and its affiliates.
“Blight is a complex legal and policy concept with a long history,” observed Metropolitan Institute Senior Fellow Joe Schilling, a report co-author. “This pioneering synthesis of the literature will help local officials and community-based organizations, such as Keep America Beautiful and its affiliates, fashion more holistic strategies to address the community impacts of blighted properties and facilitate neighborhood revitalization.”
Report co-author Lee Huang of Econsult Solutions Inc. agrees. “What we found in our work is that ‘blight’ looks like and means different things in different settings. Our review of the existing literature really underscores this point, and has yielded a very rich look at how various communities define and deal with blight.”
While considerable research has examined the history of blight in the United States, its role in national policy and the experience of communities living in blighted neighborhoods, little research has systematically examined the multiple meanings of blight across contexts. This project reviews and synthesizes knowledge about blight, broadly conceived, and draws together academic literature and practitioner reports to systematically assess:
- The nature of blight;
- The effects of blight;
- The factors that have shaped its development; and
- How understandings of blight have changed over time.
This literature review will benefit policymakers, particularly in understanding how different communities are addressing rising rates of vacancy and how property abandonment has come to be a common characteristic of contemporary blight. The research also provides new and beneficial knowledge for local communities by making the changing patterns of neighborhoods more transparent. Further, for underrepresented and disadvantaged groups and their advocates struggling with blighted neighborhoods, this research will underscore many of the factors affecting their condition.
OHIO LITTER LAWS
Business Card and Ticket Holder Card with Ohio Litter Laws
Report Littering and Illegal Dumping – Littering Hurts Everyone brochure
Littering and Illegal Dumping – ORC 3767.32
Dumping waste, such as discarded trash, oil, appliances, scrap tires, furniture and other items, on private or public land and waterways is strictly prohibited by Ohio law. In addition to being unsightly, illegal dumps can pose health and safety hazards to people and wildlife. Ohioans must use licensed disposal facilities and insist that contracted waste haulers dispose of trash safely and legally. ORC 3767.32 also prohibits unauthorized persons from knowingly placing litter and household wastes in a private litter/trash receptacle, unless he or she has authorization to use the litter/trash receptacle or the waste materials were generated on the public property where the receptacle is located. This protects property owners from having to pay for wastes illegally dumped into their litter/trash receptacles.
Littering from a Motor Vehicle – ORC 4511.82
Littering from a motor vehicle can result in fines of up to $100, depending upon the seriousness of the offense. For casual littering from motor vehicles, law enforcement officers can issue tickets, just as they do for other traffic violations. The driver of a motor vehicle can also be held responsible for litter discarded onto the roadway by passengers.
Littering from a Watercraft Vessel – ORC 1547.49
This law is similar to littering from a motor vehicle law. No operator or occupant of a vessel, regardless of intent, may discard or deposit litter in any Ohio waters. The operator of a watercraft vessel can also be held responsible for allowing litter to be dropped out of the vessel.
(A) As used in this section, “litter” means garbage, trash, waste, rubbish, ashes, cans, bottles, wire, paper, cartons, vessel parts, vehicle parts, furniture, glass, or anything else of an unsightly or unsanitary nature.
(B) No operator or occupant of a vessel shall, regardless of intent, throw, drop, discard, or deposit litter from any vessel in operation or control upon or in any waters in this state, except into a litter receptacle in a manner that prevents its being carried away or deposited by the elements.
(C) No operator of a vessel in operation upon any waters in this state shall allow litter to be thrown, dropped, discarded, or deposited from the vessel, except into a litter receptacle in a manner that prevents its being carried away or deposited by the elements.
Unsecured Load – ORC 4513.31
This law requires vehicles transporting materials that could escape, leak or drop be designed to remain inside the vehicle at all times. In addition, vehicles loaded with garbage, solid waste or other unsanitary materials that are susceptible to blowing or bouncing out, cannot be driven unless their contents are sufficiently covered. Law enforcement officers do not have to witness the material falling from a vehicle in order to make an arrest. Exceptions to this law include farm vehicles transporting agricultural products and trash vehicles in the process of acquiring their loads.
Prohibiting Polluting State Land or Water – ORC 1531-29
No person shall place or dispose of in any manner, any garbage, waste, peelings of vegetables or fruits, rubbish, ashes, cans, bottles, wire, paper, cartons, boxes, parts of automobiles, wagons, furniture, glass, oil, or anything else of an unsightly or unsanitary nature on any state owned, controlled, or administered land, or in any ditch, stream, river, lake, pond, or other watercourse, except those waters which do not combine or effect a junction with natural surface or underground waters, or upon the bank thereof where the same is liable to be washed into the water either by ordinary flow or floods. This section does not apply to any substance placed under authority of a permit issued under section 6111.04 of the Revised Code or exempted by such section from its terms.
Open Burning or Open Dumping – ORC 3734.03
No person shall dispose of solid wastes by open burning or open dumping, except as authorized by the director of environmental protection in rules adopted in accordance with division (V) of section 3734.01, section 3734.02, or sections 3734.70 to 3734.73 of the Revised Code and except for burying or burning the body of a dead animal as authorized by section 941.14 of the Revised Code. No person shall dispose of treated or untreated infectious wastes by open burning or open dumping. Section 3734.03 of the Ohio Revised Code (ORC) calls the act open dumping. It is considered an unclassified felony, which is punishable by a fine of $10,000 to $25,000 and a jail sentence of two to four years.
Drano or Bottle Bombs
Do Not Touch
Leave the area and call the proper authorities
These bombs contain caustic chemicals such as Drano or other acid based chemicals. They usually contain a portion of chemical liquid, aluminum foil, and possibly water. When complete, they are capped and await movement to activate the bomb. These bombs should be considered extremely explosive and unstable with a reach up to 15 feet or more. Drano or Bottle bombs may not detonate until disturbed causing the plastic bottle pieces to become like shrapnel.
Causes chemical burns and may include serious physical injuries including loss of limb or life.
Cleanup Workers – Beware of Meth Lab Waste
The drug, Methamphetamine (Meth), can be made using legal, over-the-counter products such as the ones listed below. If you find these types of materials or similar items, do not touch, smell, or examine them! Meth dumps may contain or be surrounded by potentially hazardous chemicals. If you suspect you have found materials used to make meth, contact the Ohio State Highway Patrol or your local law enforcement agency.
How to Identify Meth Lab Waste
|Flammable solvent containers in large quantities or with other waste
||Crystal Drano, iodine, hydrogen peroxide, isopropyl alcohol
||Large quantities of glass and plastic containers, buckets, plastic hose
||Common cold pills or diet pills containing ephedrine or pseudoephedrine
|Any containers with plastic tubing or hoses
||Quantities of coffee filters or paper towels with unusual stains.
||Drain openers, muriatic acid, red devil lye
||Discarded Coolers –Do not touch unopened coolers!
|Propane tanks with painted or corroded brass fittings.Suspect propane tanks often have a bluish-green coloring
||Trash bags with an ether, solvent, or ammonia odor.
||Box LabsDo not touch unopened boxes!
||Homemade pipe fittings on tanks or thermoses
In Ohio – Please Call the Following Numbers:
Ohio Attorney General Environmental Enforcement Unit
30 East Broad Street, 25th Floor
Columbus, OH 43215
USEPA-CID (Crime Investigation Division)
BCI – Ohio Bureau of Crime Investigation
* Not manned 24 hours
Scrap Metal Issues
External Programs Coordinator
Ohio Homeland Security
Ohio Department Of Public Safety
1970 West Broad Street
Columbus, Ohio 43223
Tip Line: 1-877-OHS-INTEL
Program Administrator / Analyst
Infrastructure Protection Unit
Ohio Homeland Security- Strategic Analysis & Information Center (SAIC)
Ohio Department of Public Safety
1970 West Broad St.
Columbus, Ohio 43223
Direct: (614) 387-7400
Scrap Tire Issues
Janice Church / Tire Grant Questions
Barry Chapman / Scrap Tire Compliance Questions
Ohio EPA Division of Materials and Waste Management
PO Box 1049, 50 West Town Street, Suite 700
Columbus, OH 43216-1049
Keep Southeast Ohio Beautiful – New County Diversion Program 49-acre Work Farm
The “Life Intervention & Diversion (LID): Lawrence County Work Farm,” where alternative sentences may be carried out as determined by the court system. The County Work Farm will help to address the overcrowding issue at a local county jail. The farm will produce food for public meal programs, including those provided at the county jail, the local juvenile group and shelter home, two senior centers, several Head Start Centers & the Downtown Churches Food Bank. It’s operated by the Ironton-Lawrence Community Action Organization.